Friday, March 25, 2011

Peru Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is probably the most famous archaeological site in Peru. It is located about 120 kilometers northwest of the city of Cuzco at an altitude of 2400 meters, on the east side of the central Andes in southern Peru and is accessible only by the railroad or the Inca Trail. The train takes about 4 hours for the route. The site is mostly in the middle of the 15th century.

The archaeological site of Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is located between two mountains, Machu Picchu, which means in the Quechua language of old mountain or large hill and over the mountain Huayna Picchu, the young mountain. The interaction of the natural beauty of the region together with the archaeological importance of the place Machu Picchu do so worth seeing.

There are different assumptions about significance of Machu Picchu. According to some documents from the 16th century the place was the summer residence of Pachacutec (1437 - 1470), the first Inca ruler. Other sources and some important buildings clearly point to a ceremonial, religious character.

Machu Picchu is famous for its architecture, and architectural masterpieces as well as the impressive nature of the main attractions of the world. In 1983 the village was the heritage of humanity and in 2007 appointed one of 9 new world wonder. The archaeological center has a length of about 530 to 200 meters and has 172 buildings.

Near Machu Picchu is also a thermal source which invites for a swim.
For this reason, the district also called Aguas Calientes (hot water). The place is one of the most important tourist destinations in Peru and should be visited in any case.

The stone buildings built by the Inca there are of impressive proportions. On an area of more than 38,000 acres extending this miracle.

The climate of Machu Picchu ruins in Machu Picchu House

The climate is warm and humid during the day and cool at night. The temperatures range between 12 and 24 degrees. It rains mainly from November to March often, with almost 2,000 mm of rainfall a year. The weather is changeable, it beats fast for the weather to rain and vice versa.

The area around Machu Picchu in the middle between the Andes and the Amazon jungle was a long-known and populated area, was run out, especially agriculture. The early residents who came from the area around Cuzco and populated this Vilcabamba in search of new farmland. The archaeological finds indicate agriculture for at least about 760 to BC. From 900 AD in the territory of a strong population growth was recorded, probably the people of the Tampu, which together with other tribes, rival of the Incas in Cusco.

In 1440 during the conquering of the first Inca ruler Pachacutec conquered the territory of the saddle between two mountains liked so much that he built from 1450 there a place with impressive civic and religious buildings. At that time, Machu Picchu was not a lonely place. The valleys around densely populated and multiplied their agricultural production from the year 1440 under Inca government. In the area there were several important administrative centers of the Incas. The city of Machu Picchu but rose from these impressive through the building.
After the death of Pachacutec Inca were following the religion of the proceeds of the possessions to be used for the cult of the mummy of the ruler to maintain. It is believed that this custom to the ruler Huayna Capac (1493 - 1529) was continued. During this time, but lost Machu Picchu is becoming increasingly important as were the property of the new ruler in the foreground.

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